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ARIA FPGA Update using UrJtag


This application note describes how the FPGA code on the MPC5121 based ARIA board can be updated using the UrJTAG Universal JTAG tools.


This document was written by Anatolij Gustschin (agust {at} denx {dot} de). Minor editing was done by Wolfgang Denk (wd {at} denx {dot} de).


To offer maximum flexibility in each design, the ARIA board combines the MPC5121e with a powerful FPGA, which which allows for adaptable I/O expansion as well as complete for adding IP-cores for additonal customized interfaces.

To make use of this flexibility, it may be necessary to install new versions of the FPGA code. Also, sometimes updated versions of the FPGA code become available that fix problems and/or add new features.

In some hardware configurations the required JTAG pins of the FPGA are connected to GPIO ports, so updates of the FPGA code can be done in software, without using external tools like a dedicated JTAG programmer.

Instead of writing custom software for this purpose, we decided to use the standard !UrJTAG Universal JTAG tool.


ALERT! Updating the FPGA code is a very critical operation. First of all, any attempts to meddle with the FPGA code will void any warranty you might have. And if anything goes wrong your board will be broken, and you will not be able to fix it.

There is absolutely, positively NO WARRANTY, neither express or implied, offered with this documentation and software. You use this documentation and software at your own risk. In case of loss, no person or entity owes you anything whatsoever. You have been warned.

You have been warned!

UrJTAG Setup for ARIA Board

On the host:

$ wget
$ tar xjf urjtag-0.10.tar.bz2
$ cd urjtag-0.10
$ patch -p1 < 0001-add-aria-driver.patch
ALERT! !!! WARNING !!! If you are using a Rev.1 CPU, then edit the "src/tap/cable/aria_gpio.c" file now and comment out "#define CPU_IS_REV_2" in this file.
$ autoreconf
$ sudo cp -rd urjtag-0.10 /opt/eldk/ppc_6xx/root/

On the target:

# cd /root/urjtag-0.10
# ./configure --enable-cable=aria_gpio --disable-bus
# make
# make install
/usr/bin/install: will not overwrite just-created
`/usr/local/share/urjtag/analog/PARTS' with `analog/PARTS'
make[2]: *** [install-nobase_dist_pkgdataDATA] Error 1
make[2]: Leaving directory `/root/urjtag-0.10-test/data'
make[1]: *** [install-am] Error 2
make[1]: Leaving directory `/root/urjtag-0.10-test/data'
make: *** [install-recursive] Error 1
After this error proceed as below:
# cd src
# make install

On the target we also need some additional files (provided with this README). Copy them to the target root file system. Also copy the SVF file with the new FPGA code to the target:

$ sudo cp -rd lfxp2-17e-ftbga256/ /opt/eldk/ppc_6xx/usr/local/share/urjtag/lattice/
$ sudo cp PARTS /opt/eldk/ppc_6xx/usr/local/share/urjtag/lattice/PARTS
$ sudo cp ARIA-17I5-0-0.2.2-200MHZ-DENX.SVF /opt/eldk/ppc_6xx/tmp/

Now try to update the FPGA on the ARIA board. Here is the UrJTAG commands summary when running on the target:

-bash-3.2# jtag
jtag> cable aria_gpio
jtag> detect
jtag> print
jtag> part 0
jtag> frequency 1000000
jtag> frequency 1000000
jtag> svf /tmp/ARIA-17I5-0-0.2.2-200MHZ-DENX.SVF progress
jtag> q
Power cycle and check if the update was okay. On success you should see something like this:
U-Boot 2009.06-rc3-00151-g2ac050e-dirty (Jun 14 2009 - 19:58:01) MPC512X

CPU:   MPC5121e rev. 2.0, Core e300c4 at 396 MHz, CSB at 198 MHz
Board: ARIA

Example log file

For reference, here is a complete log:
login: root
Last login: Wed Feb  4 10:27:07 on console
-bash-3.2# jtag

UrJTAG 0.10 #1502
Copyright (C) 2002, 2003 ETC s.r.o.
Copyright (C) 2007, 2008, 2009 Kolja Waschk and the respective authors

UrJTAG is free software, covered by the GNU General Public License, and you
welcome to change it and/or distribute copies of it under certain conditions.
There is absolutely no warranty for UrJTAG.

WARNING: UrJTAG may damage your hardware!
Type "quit" to exit, "help" for help.

jtag> cable aria_gpio
Initializing Aria GPIO JTAG Chain
aria_gpio_open: DIR 0x8030000
aria_gpio_open: ODR 0x0
aria_gpio_open: GPIO_BITMASK 0xf7fcfff7, GPIO_OUTPUT_MASK 0x8
aria_gpio_open: J1850_TX 0x103
aria_gpio_open: PSC6_2 0x183
aria_gpio_open: PSC6_3 0x183
jtag> detect
IR length: 8
Chain length: 1
Device Id: 00000001001010011011000001000011 (0x000000000129B043)
  Manufacturer: Lattice Semiconductors
  Part(0):         LFXP2-17E-ftBGA256
  Stepping:     0
jtag> print
 No. Manufacturer              Part                 Stepping Instruction
   0 Lattice Semiconductors    LFXP2-17E-ftBGA256   0        BYPASS
jtag> part 0
jtag> frequency
Current TCK frequency is 0 Hz
jtag> frequency 1000000
Setting TCK frequency to 1000000 Hz
requested frequency 1000000, now calibrating delay loop
new real frequency 460368, delay 0
operating without delay
jtag> frequency 1000000
Setting TCK frequency to 1000000 Hz
requested frequency 1000000, now calibrating delay loop
new real frequency 2.05553e+06, delay 0
new real frequency 1.97417e+06, delay 1
new real frequency 2.0562e+06, delay 2
new real frequency 1.88703e+06, delay 4
new real frequency 1.60089e+06, delay 7
new real frequency 1.32192e+06, delay 11
new real frequency 1.16164e+06, delay 14
new real frequency 1.05743e+06, delay 16
jtag> frequency
Current TCK frequency is 1057431 Hz
jtag> svf /tmp/ARIA-17I5-0-0.2.2-200MHZ-DENX.SVF progress
Parsing  51730/51736 ( 99%)
Scanned device output matched expected TDO values.
jtag> q


Attachment sort Action Size Date Who Comment
0001-add-aria-driver.patch manage 11.4 K 05 Aug 2009 - 12:34 WolfgangDenk Patch to add the GPIO "cable" driver for ARIA
lfxp2-17e-ftbga256.tar.gz manage 12.6 K 05 Aug 2009 - 12:39 WolfgangDenk FPGA description files
ARIA-17I5-0-0.2.2-200MHZ-DENX.SVF manage 3391.9 K 05 Aug 2009 - 12:40 WolfgangDenk ARIA FPGA Code Version 17I5-0-0.2.2-200MHZ